Habitat. Leaf margins can be … Flowers and Fruits Flower Type - Unisexual catkins on female trees bear many seeds surrounded by silky or cottony hairs. Leaf Shape, Margin, and Venation. There has also been interest in growing it for inclusion in cattle feed, since it is a good source of cellulose relatively free of undesirable components, such as tannins. Cottonwood buds are also somewhat distinctive, in winter and early spring they are large, long, and pointed. Leaf Size 3 to 5" long and wide. eastern cottonwood Salicaceae Populus deltoides W. Bartram ex Marshall symbol: PODE3 Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Populus angustifolia (narrowleaf cottonwood), in the Great Basin; Populus heterophylla (swamp cottonwood), in the eastern United States; Populus trichocarpa (black cottonwood), in the Pacific Northwest of North America The western boundary is not well defined because eastern cottonwood intergrades with var. Eastern cottonwood. ex Marsh. Eastern Cottonwood; Eastern Poplar; Poplar; Phonetic Spelling POP-yoo-lus del-TOY-deez Description. Expand. Size 75 to 100' Bloom Time March to April. Has a bitter aspirin taste. Leaves: Arrangement: alternate . McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. Eastern cottonwood has limited timber use. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Flower: Species is dioecious; male and female as pendulous catkins, appearing before the leaves. Leaf Margin. It generally has a thin, spreading crown and a straight bole. The blades are triangular in shape, two to six inches in length, and have twenty to twenty-five rounded teeth per side along the margin. Leaf Margin Serrated. The new growth is high in protein and minerals. Family Salicaceae. Eastern cottonwood is also sometimes called southern cottonwood, Carolina poplar, eastern poplar, necklace poplar, and álamo. The mature eastern cottonwood grows to a height of 65-130 ft. (20-40 m). Note: The margin of the Eastern Cottonwood is a bit difficult to discern. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). Eastern Cottonwood Leaf - Photo by Paul Wray, Iowa State University. Leaf Length - 3 to 5 inches. Latin name: Populus deltoides ssp. Triangular, tip taper-pointed; Often pendulous; Usually 3–5 warty glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding; Length. Specific Epithet deltoides. Arboretum Collection LT. Lifecycle. The trunk bark of mature trees is thick, gray, and coarsely ridged. The leaf shape of cottonwood trees will set them apart from tuliptrees. Plants. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. It is not uncommon for young trees to grow in excess of 6 feet in height each year. (7.62 – 12.7 cm) wide, sometimes triangular, sometimes heart-shaped, leaf margin serrated; petioles flat. Eastern cottonwood is one of the few hardwood species that is planted and grown specifically for these purposes. The north-south distribution extends from latitude 28 N. to 46 N. It is absent from the higher Appalachian areas and from much of Florida and the Gulf Coast except along rivers. Click on second leaf photo for enlargement to see flattened stem and glands at base of leaf. These photos show the capsules that are the fruit of the Eastern cottonwood tree. eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Leaves are simple, alternate, and deciduous. Fire scars may facilitate the onset of heartwood decay. Eastern cottonwood requires leaf N concentrations of at least 2 percent to maximize volume production (Blackmon and White 1972). Image by Wikimedia Commons. Altitude is a primary determiner of the western boundary. The splendid purple-pink flowers appear all over the tree in spring, just before the leaves emerge. Cottonwood trees (Populus spp.) Leaf Width - 3 to 5 inches. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9 . There has been considerable interest in cottonwood for energy biomass, because of its high yield potential and coppicing ability. Texture: glabrous. The Eastern Cottonwood is both a fast growing and a short-lived tree. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Eastern cottonwood is an exceedingly rapid-growing, moisture-loving species that is found locally in moist places and along streams and lakes throughout the state except at the higher elevations. Leaves are green in summer, turning yellow or brown in fall. Tuliptrees have very distinctive leaves. native to eastern North America; hardy to zone 2; Habit and Form . Underside is smooth and a pale green. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales > Salicaceae > Populus deltoides deltoides Bartr. No need to register, buy now! We have looked at ways of identifying leaves by looking at the way they are arranged on the stem and their overall shape. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Family: Salicaceae . This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Use left and right arrows to navigate. Eastern Cottonwood, Eastern Poplar Salicaceae. It sometimes reaches a height of 100 to 130 feet and a diameter of 5 to 6 feet. Though necklace poplar (also known as eastern cottonwood) is a short-lived tree, already old at age 75, it can grow to 100 feet (30m) or more in height in its native streamside habitats. The abundant branches are ascending above and drooping below; they are somewhat crooked and knobby. Description. occidentalis, plains cottonwood, where the ranges overlap. ... 17.78 cm) long and 3 – 5 in. Leaf Color - Lustrous, bright-green during summer, golden-yellow in late fall. Form: This is a medium-sized tree reaching 70-100 ft. in height and 2.5- 4 ft dbh. The largest specimen in Iowa is over 11 feet in diameter, 80 feet tall and more than 85 feet in width. Leaf Arrangement Alternate. French name: Peuplier deltoïde; Taxonomic Serial Number: 22446 Description Leaves. are large, quick-growing trees valued for their vibrant autumn foliage. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Common name: Banana tree Scientific name: Musa Leaf shape: Oblong shape FIGURE 7 8. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. Celtis conferta subsp. The wood is light, soft, and weak, and is dark brown in color with thick nearly white sapwood, warping badly in drying. 5–10 cm; Tip longer than eastern cottonwood; Colour. Cookies. One last identification feature is to follow the cotton in early summer. Eastern cottonwood is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 50’to 100’ in height. Twig: Stout, somewhat angled and yellowish; buds are 3/4 inch long, covered with several brown, resinous scales. Cultural Requirements. Both male and female flowers are pendulous catkins. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Forestryimages.org provides several images of parts of Eastern cottonwood. Male clones, which have none of the objectionable "cotton" associated with seed, are preferred. Due to its large size, weak wood, and penetrating roots, it is best used on large properties away from residential areas. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides Willow family (Salicaceae) Description: This deciduous tree is 60-120' tall at maturity. 5–10 cm; Colour. All tree leaves exhibit margins (leaf blade edges) that are either serrated or smooth. Tree leaf chart: Leaf shape and arrangement. Look for snowstorms of this cotton in early June. This NC native plant is found at fine sandy loams or silt loams in stream banks of the piedmont and coastal plain. This tree species occurs from Alberta east to Quebec and south to Florida, Texas, Arizona, and northern Mexico. The bark is silvery-white, smooth, or lightly fissured when young, becoming darker gray and deeply fissured on older trees. Flower Reddish. Beavers are known to use cottonwood poles for construction of their dams. Upper surface bright shiny green; Lower surface slightly paler ; Petiole yellowish-green; Margin. Genus Populus. Eastern cottonwood seedlings and young trees are browsed upon by a variety of mammals including rabbits, deer, and domestic livestock. The cottonwood is a large, relatively short-lived tree with a wide, spreading crown and a large straight trunk. The petiole is distinctively flattened, making the leaf flap from side to side rather than up and down. Deep planting permits reforesting of nonproductive fields with sandy soils having available moisture beneath a dry surface layer. Nonetheless, it is still utilized in the making of containers, furniture parts, and high-grade pulp. It develops a single stout trunk up to 4-6' across and forms an ovoid crown in open situations. Fire generally kills eastern cottonwood. Each capsule has 3 or 4 valves. It is shade-intolerant and found on rich, moist sites often near rivers and streams. Cottonwood is a large tree with long, straight trunk and massive branches forming a rounded top. Female flowers elongate to 15 to 30 cm (6 to 12 in). Also, the edge (margin) of the latter is deeply notched (crenelated), while that of the angustifolia is less so, and the balsamifera's is smooth. It falls somewhere between crenate to serrate, and is even considered to be dentate in some texts. It grows tall as well, averaging 80-100 ft but potentially growing as high as 200 ft. Bark Ridge and furrowed. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. Eastern cottonwood grows along streams and on bottomlands from southern Quebec westward into North Dakota and southwestern Manitoba, south to central Texas, and east to northwestern Florida and Georgia. Size - 100 ft. (30.48 m) tall. Cottonwood gets its common name from the wads of cotton surrounding its seeds, which facilitate dispersal by wind and water. Named after 19th century American explorer John C. Fremont, it is similar to the Eastern Cottonwood, differing mainly in the leaves having fewer, larger serrations on the leaf edge and small … The yellowish twigs are stout and contain a bitter aspirin taste. Eastern cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree found growing along streams, rivers, and lowland areas. Cottonwood leaves are triangular with course teeth along the margins. Leaf buds are large, 1-inch long, reddish green and pointed. ex Marsh . Mature trees with thick bark may be only scarred or top-killed. Shape: deltoid with truncate base. The leaf petiole is 3 to 4 inches long and flatted. USDA Forest Service Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) -. Fall Color Yellow. Leaves are alternate, simple, 3–7 inches long, broadly triangular, abruptly pointed, with coarse teeth with tiny hairs, small glands at base of leaf blade; upper surface green, shiny; lower surface paler, smooth; leaf stalk slender, flattened. Mature trees have deep grooves with thick ridges and are light brown to ash-gray in color. The eastern cottonwood is a member of the willow family (Salicaceae). Eastern Cottonwood (Populus deltoides) Leaf Margins: Crenate. × This is a dioecious tree species. Male and female flowers develop on separate trees. Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately veined, 3 to 6 inches long, triangular (deltoid) in shape with a crenate/serrate margin. Some improved clones in some tree plantations have yielded trees that grew up to 10 feet per year. The poplar petiole gall aphid (Pemphigus populitransversus) lays its eggs on cottonwood leaves, producing characteristic marble-sized galls where the petiole meets the blade of the leaf. Margin: crenate-serrate. It is native to eastern North America through the Midwest and Chicago region. It is used for pulp and for boxes. INTRODUCTION A leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized ... American planetree Scientific name: Plantanus occidentalis Leaf shape: Palmate shape FIGURE 6 Tip Vein Margin Midrib Petiole Tip Margin Petiole Midrib Vein. The wood is light, soft, and weak. 1 or 2 glands at the base of the leaf blade; Neoformed leaves broadly ovate, hairy when unfolding ; Base more rounded than eastern cottonwood; Length. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. (Dave Powell/USDA Forest Service/CC BY 3.0 us), (U.S. Geological Survey/Wikimedia Commons), (Bureau of Land Management/Wikimedia Commons), Cucumbertree, A Common Tree in North America, Mockernut Hickory, A Common Tree in North America, Black Locust, a Common Tree in North America, White Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Southern Red Oak, a Common Tree in North America, American Beech, a Common Tree in North America, Butternut, a Common Tree in North America, Black Oak, a Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, Willow Oak: Favorite Wildlife Food and Landscape Tree, B.S., Forest Resource Management, University of Georgia. Common Name - Eastern Cottonwood. Ecological Role - The cottonwood is a producer, transforming the sun’s energy into food energy. a deciduous tree; wide spreading; pyramidal in youth; open, oval, irregular crown; 80' to 100' tall; 40' to 60' wide; coarse texture; fast growth rate; Summer Foliage. Fast-growing yet relatively short-lived, cottonwoods are easily distinguished by their triangular- (or deltoid-) shaped leaves that easily flutter in the wind. The 2 to 5 inch long, simple, triangle-shaped, deciduous leaves have a toothed margin, and an elongated tip. Its growth may exceed 10 feet in height its first year, about 5 feet in height in each succeeding year, and about 1 inch in diameter per year. Eastern Cottonwood Populus deltoides. 7. Populus deltoids, commonly called common cottonwood is a large, fast-growing tree or shrub. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides) is the fastest growing and largest tree found in Iowa. Often the description can vary because of the maturity of the leaf. Eastern cottonwood is frequently planted to give quick shade near homes. The capsules have short stalks and grow on long catkins. Tree leaf shapes . The leaf on the right, with the long petiole, is from a Populus deltoides, or Plains and eastern cottonwood. Form. Trees of this size are often found on moist sites. The petiole is flattened and glands are present at the top of the petiole. Lump Growth on a Cottonwood Tree. The state tree of Oklahoma, Eastern Redbud is a moderate to rapid-grower when young, reaching a height of 20 to 30 feet. deltoides Bartr. Cottonwood has been used for windbreaks and soil stabilization. amblyphylla; Hibiscus tiliaceus, a flowering shrub or tree in the mallow family; In the genus Populus, a number of difficult-to-distinguish trees: . Find the perfect eastern cottonwood stock photo. Photo credit: Larry Korhnak, University of Florida, UF School of Forest Resources & Conservation. The Fremont Cottonwood, also known as the Western Cottonwood or the Rio Grande Cottonwood, Populus fremontii, occurs in California east to Utah and Arizona and south into northwest Mexico. The leaves are large and deltoid (triangular) in shape with a more or less flattened base and long petiole. Click on any thumbnail to see a photo. He is a member of the Society of American Foresters. Leaf Type Simple. Light gray-brown and smooth with shallow grooves on young trees. Use "esc" to exit the lightbox. Eastern Cottonwood - Populus deltoides Leaves are alternate, simple, single toothed, triangle shaped. Thirty-year-old specimens are rare, but they can reach 35 feet in height forming a rounded vase. Conical capsule 5 to 9 inches in length borne on pendent stalks, 8 to 12 inches long. Tree leaves come in all sorts and sizes, and knowing the shape of particular leaves can help to quickly identify the tree species. 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Former Forest resources & Conservation whether you choose to see the weeds in order Scientific. A producer, transforming the sun ’ s energy into food energy leaf size to! Taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Salicales > Salicaceae > Populus deltoides ) family: Salicaceae for... To eastern North America ; hardy to zone 2 ; Habit and form spring, just before leaves.: crenate valued for their vibrant autumn foliage as high as 200 ft Oklahoma, eastern poplar ; ;... Heartwood decay tree reaching 70-100 ft. in height each year at ways of identifying by... Dry surface layer to 100 ' Bloom Time March to April second leaf photo for to!